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Quick glance of the Miao/Hmong history

Published: Feb 26, 2012 by admin Filed under: Articles Views: 11,399 Tags: hmong, miao, history, hmong history, miao history, chiyou, war god, txiv yawg
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Quick Glance:
Miao/Hmong people are the first to settle into the Yellow River (Yangshao Civilization) before the Chinese takes over. Hmong moves southwards to the upper Yangtze river (Daxi Civilization) and rebuilds their empires. Chinese expands south and Miao/Hmong moves more southwards towards the borders of S.E Asia. Not until the 18th Century does the Hmong finally moves south because of the Qing Dynasty that wars against the Hmong.

Origins of Miao/Hmong
They migrated southward from N.E Asia. And cultivated rice in the Yangtze River.

And eventually migrated southward into South-West China and some northward towards Japan.

There were two major tribes, the Jiuli and the Huaxia north of the Yellow River. One Day Huangdi (The Yellow Emperor) joined forces with Shennong and together fought with the Chiyou. It is said that Chiyou won every single battle in his lifetime, but when he fought against the Yellow Emperor on their 10th battle, Chiyou was finally defeated.
It is said that when they captured Chiyou, the people were afraid to execute him, so a brave winged-dragon known as "Yinglong" came and decapitated him. By doing this, he was cursed to never fly again. From Chiyou's grave grew a Maple Tree.
With the Chiyou deafeated, his three sons seperated. His oldest fled to the south, his middle to the north and his youngest stayed.

Chiyou's Legacy
The Miao/Hmong revered him as emperor Txiv Yawg, the Korean's viewed him as a War Hero and the Chinese viewed him as a War God.       

According to the Hmong burial ritual 'Show the Way', Hmong history can be trace to as early as the Shang Dynasty. After the fall of Shang to Zhou, Chu was the next and last known Hmong kingdom. When Chu fell to Qin, the great migration that scattered the Hmong began. Many remained and started the great revolt that helped found the Han Dynasty under Liu Bang. Hmong culture greatly influenced the Western Han.

San Miao
San Miao in Chinese means "3 Hmong", a direct mistranslation by the Chinese (Because in the Hmong language, "Peb" means "We/Us/Ours" and "Three" both sounds the same) and to the Hmong, Peb Hmoob means "Our Hmong" which means "Our Homeland".

Shang Dynasty - 1600–1046 BC                                                                State of Chu - 1600–1046 BC

Western Zhou Dynasty - 1045–256 BC

Western Han Dynasty - 221–206 BCE

Kingdom of Nanzhao
The Hmong along with many other groups formed a Kingdom called "Nanzhao". They were a threat to the Song Dynasty. After the fall of Nanzhao, they became the "Kingdom of Dali".

The Hmong who Stayed
The descendants of the Hmong who never fled to the south currently speak the Wu, Xiang, and Hui Chinese dialects and Cantonese language.

Thousand Years mystery
The Thousand Year Mystery marks the last known account on the Hmong people. Even in Chinese historic account, did the word "Hmong" was gone.

Lady Dai:
Lady Dai of the Western Han Dynasty is believe to be of Hmong decent. This is a silk banner that is hanged with her in her coffin which replicates the Hmong's spirit beliefs.

Qin Xing War (1164 - 1209)
Zhong Xang, Yajiaumo of Huang: Zhong Xang Yajiaumo, also known as Tou Long Vaj, was the General of the Huang of the Miao People, today they are known as the Hmong, during the 11th Century through mid-12th Century in Southern China against the Rebellion of the Zhou Dynasty. He was born in the mountains in a Miao village, he grew up hated by many of the villagers because he was poor and did not have parents, likely they've died from illness or were killed. Instead of learning his culture's teachings, he studied swordsmenship and martial arts. He then defended his village from random attacks of the Chinese, (Xhua Liab). When the Emperor ordered a sweep to take out the Miao people, many fled into deeper southern Asia; Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Those who stayed supported Zhong Xang with the war against the Chinese, the first battle at the northern mountains of Huangshan led Zhong Xang with victory. Stunned by this, the Emperor ordered more men on the attack, the second battle of Qin Xing was victorious by Zhong Xang as well. At Haji Bay, Zhong Xang and his armies were ambushed and Yajiaumo almost died. He managed to survive with the help of the "Green Hmong" (Hmoob Gauws), who later agreed to help him fight. In 1172, the Khong Ming of the Zhou surrendered and they fled into the east. The Miao people then moved to the higher mountains to avoid furture warfare. In 1186, arrows lit with fire and yellings from the distance was heard as Chinese soldiers raged the mountains of Huangshan. once again, the Miao was forced to fight. Zhong Xang was placed as General, and battle continued until 1208, when Zhong Xang's soldiers were less than 150,000. Before the battle, he gave a speech to the Miao People. He asked them to help him battle, instead 66 percent of the population in the entire Southern China region decided to leave. Leaving him with less than 12,000 soldiers. Not surrendering, he plunged an attack on the Chinese. He was outnumbered and his entire army was wiped out in less than 4 hours or five. Zhong Xang was caught and faced the Emperor. Forced to Kneel apon the Emperor, he refused. His back-knees were cut by a knife, forcing him to kneel. Grabing his sword, he plunged the grounds and forced himself to never bow down. The Emperor then grabbed his knife and plunged it into Zhong Xang's neck, he was bled and died. Over almost one thousand years later, his finds where found and a statue was built for the memory of the great Miao Leader.

Qin Liangyu:
Qin Liangyu is a Hmong female general during the Ming Dynasty.

Guizhou Rebellions
The Hmong were a constant hassle to the Qing Dynasty, declaring for their own independence. As a way to keep the Hmong from reuniting and attacking the Qing Dynasty, they built a similar Great Wall in the south to defend themselves from the Hmong. The Hmong Southern Great Wall is a big pride to the Hmong, because it shows that the Hmong were seen as a Civilization that could take over a Chinese Dynasty.
Between 1856-1873, the Hmong were involved in a severe rebellion against the Qin Dynasty. It was said in the Qing dynasty that "Every thirty years there would be minor revolts, while every sixty years there would be major rebellions". The Hmong motto of this war was "Get back our land. Drive the Han and he Manchus out off our country".

During this time, the Hmong were organized as a state that is not recognized by the Chinese empire. They had kings, leaders, ambassadors and officials. The last king remembered was a man named Voung Chinh Duc from Vietnam in the 18th century.

The Southern Great Wall

Southern China Great Wall located in Fenghuang County, Hunan Province. During the Qing Dynasty's harsh rule, they suppressed many ethnicity and had a great trouble with the Hmong people, that they built a wall for themselves to protect them from invasion.

Splitting the Miao/Hmong peoples
The Miao/Hmong were a constant threat to the Dynasties and so after a long war, the Chinese had won and to ensure that the Miao/Hmong would never be able rise up again, they splitted them into different colours, regions and places so that they will never reunite again.
The colors were split between Red, Green, Flower, Black and White. The Red are in Yunnan, the Green and the White are in Laos/Thailand and the Flower and Black are in Vietnam.

Migration to South-East Asia

Today the Hmong are still in exist after many series of War, Rebellions and Battles against those that forces to assimilate, genocide and end the Hmong Civilization. The Hmong are a proud people who after thousands of years came together to preserve their National Identity. Their language, their culture, their tradition and their ways of life.

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  1. hlub
    10 months, 2 weeks ago

    trang hlub
  2. Teev Dej Cawm Siav
    Teev Dej Cawm Siav
    11 months ago

    I appreciated your searching for our past that we may once had some very wonderful history, but it is sad that some eval trader betrayed his own people. Now time to change. look at other countries, their people royal to their leaders, but we still fighting among us. How could we ever have a land of our own. For over Five Thousand years we still circling among ourselves. We claim that we are the Hmong but we don't even know who we really are anymore.
    I think it is time to move on and be happy where you are and be royal to the land leader that you live in.
  3. KoRn
    1 year, 2 months ago

    Zhong Yajiaumo สุดยอดไปเลยกาฟฟ
  4. feemnrab H43162T
    feemnrab H43162T
    1 year, 8 months ago

    thov ua koj tsaug, uas tau pab caum tes nroos rau lub luag hauj lwm uas peb hmoob sawv daws puav leej xav nrujnraim rau hauv siab. vam tias yuav yog lub keeb huam yuaj rau peb tig rov sib hlub txhawm rau kom ib hnub twg peb yuav rov muaj tej xwm txheej no tshwm sim dua. thaum ntawv peb mam li ib teg ua tag nrho sawv daws tsaug dua nawj.
  5. Pang
    1 year, 11 months ago

    Hmong have many people that betray hmong, and that is why hmong people lost to the Chinese.
  6. Pang
    1 year, 11 months ago

    Wow i learned a lot of fact, that Hmong is truly have a Strong Army
  7. Hmoob Noj Aub
    Hmoob Noj Aub
    2 years, 5 months ago

  8. Hmoob999
    2 years, 5 months ago

    Glad I found this. Very useful stuff for us to learn. Thank you for your hard work and research and posting.
  9. Nue Long Muas
    Nue Long Muas
    2 years, 7 months ago

    After reading these stories I feel depress and shame because we do not have a place to call our land and home. We use other people lands to call our home.
  10. Hmoob
    2 years, 9 months ago


    to answer your question one word "traitor". believe me it still happen today. When will we Hmong learn?